Local Community of Kournas

The Kournas is 43 km from Chania and 20 in Rethymnon, turning south street located in 41th km of the national road Chania – Rethymnon. Large village, located in the foothills of “Dafnomadaras” (altitude 1680 meters) at an altitude of 200m., In the fertile basin where springs the homonymous lake and flow three rivers. Kournas is very old village that flourished as early as 1583 AD In this area there have been several historical battles. Was the seat of the Revolutionary government in 1866 (during the Ottoman occupation) and headquarters of the General Assembly of Crete in 1897. However Many are the legends connecting the village to the lake (on the banks of which was said to be built earlier) and the old Byzantine churches such as Agios Georgios and Agia Irini. Interestingly, the cave village, situated in a panoramic position on the road to Kourna in place Keratide. The cave has a length of 35 m, width 24 m and height reaches 2.85 meters and can be admired in this rare speleological data. Patima is the church of St. Theodore, in which there is a well decorated tomb. In the village there are still ruins of Venetian buildings. Kournas: The only natural lake across the Mediterranean and the southernmost lake in Europe. Generated by the inhibition of groundwater, which descends from the bulk of the White Mountains, the impermeable rocks and bedtime natural cavity. The lake is fed by the source Amati south and drained through the “groove” to the river dolphins in the north. The distance from the sea is 2.5 km. The maximum length (NS) is 1080 meters and the maximum width (EW) is 880 meters. It occupies an area of ​​579 acres with a maximum depth of 22.5 feet (3.5 meters below sea level). The volume of water in summer is approximately 7.5 million cubic meters. The lake area is characterized as a rift valley is flooded with water from the source Amati (SSE end of the lake at a depth of 16.5 meters) because of Neogene to ensure the tightness of. Just imagine a large cavity is fed from one side with water due to the porosity of the soil while the opposite is sealed due to the nature of the rocks. Breakouts water is the lake from the N and NW outskirts of. In this section of decades have become works overflow and drain water to the farmland and the sea. The lake level varies with the season. The summer and autumn until the level is at the lower level due to the reduction in the volume of groundwater from the mountain, while during the winter and spring period, fueled aquifers, the level is. The lake mentioned since ancient times by the name Korisia. Indeed it is believed that there was a temple on the banks of Korisia honor Athena. In Arabic the word Kournas means tub and pond. So maybe the Arabs were the ones who renamed from Korisia on perches. The dark waters of the lake have made an impression on all visitors and locals once thought bottomless lake (fraud). Indeed travelers since the Middle Ages, have been reported with awe for the estimated depth of the lake. Finally one can walk around the lake along the shore. The hike lasts over time. There are sun beds, umbrellas and ‘marine’ bikes during the summer months. As well as many restaurants and cafes, offering the possibility for meals of traditional Cretan dishes beside the waters. O legend of the lake indicate that the position of the lake, was a village (rather it is the ancient “Korion”). One day one of the villagers, took his daughter to go to the fields. On the road sat to rest and daughter began combing her hair. Her father while initially flaunt suddenly wished erotic and thrown. The daughter cried in despair nuns’ Voula Voulolimna! I haunt the lake! “. Immediately place sank and became the lake. In fact the oldest inhabitants, it is believed that those who see ghosts, facing the middle of the lake on a rock, a girl sitting and combing her golden hair.